Diabetic neuropathy is nerve damage caused by long-term high blood glucose levels that is commonly caused by type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Damage to the nerves and small blood vessels usually develops slowly and symptoms depend on which type of diabetic neuropathy you have.
1) Peripheral Neuropathy:
- Causes painful, burning, tingling, and numbing sensations
- Affects the feet and legs and sometimes the hands and arms.
- Most common type.
- About one-third to one-half of people with diabetes have peripheral neuropathy.
2) Autonomic Neuropathy
- Symptoms depend on which of your body’s functions are affected.
- Affects blood pressure, heart rate, digestive system, bladder, sex organs, sweat glands, and eyes.
- Second most common type
- Can lead to lack of awareness of low blood sugar levels
3) Proximal Neuropathy
- Causes severe pain and muscle weakness
- Affects the hip, buttock, or thigh.
- Commonly seen in men and adults over 50 years old
- Affects one side of the body and gradually improves without treatment.
4) Focal Neuropathy
- Typically cause weakness, damaging single nerves
- Affects the hands, head, torso, or leg.
- The most common type is carpal tunnel syndrome.
- It appears suddenly and is usually very painful.
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4 Types of Diabetic Neuropathy Infographic Poster